eISSN: 2544-2538
ISSN: 2450-8624
Pielęgniarstwo w Opiece Długoterminowej / Long-Term Care Nursing
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vol. 7
Original article

What should students know about FAS when they help people with alcohol dependence?

Anna Zwierzyńska
Jakub Gruszka
Olga Adamczyk-Gruszka

  1. Collegium Medicum,, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego,, Polska
  2. II Katedra i Klinika Położnictwa i Ginekologii, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Polska
  3. Katedra Ginekologii i Położnictwa, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego, Polska
Long-Term Care Nursing vol. 7, year 2022, issue 4, p. 47-56
Online publish date: 2023/02/28
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FASD is a term that refers to several medical conditions, characterized by a spectrum of symptoms ranging from physical birth defects to neurodevelopmental disorders that can be caused by the consumption of alcohol by a pregnant mother. There are five disorders that cover this spectrum -FAS, pFAS, ARND, ND-PAE and ARBD. One of the syndromes in the FASD group is FAS, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The diagnostic criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome are as follows: at least one height deficiency, three specific facial features, and one functional or structural CNS abnormality. Confirmation of intrauterine exposure to alcohol is not considered a prerequisite for the diagnosis of FAS. The paper deals with the subject of FAS and presents students' knowledge of FAS.

Material and methods
200 respondents of childbearing age took part in the study. 10 people were excluded from the study due to incomplete completion of the questionnaire. Finally, the analysis was based on the answers of 190 respondents.

The average level of knowledge of students about FAS was determined on the basis of obtaining correct answers to questions about this team is 65.70%. Based on the obtained numerical data, a statistical relationship can be established between the answers to the questions on fetal alcohol syndrome and the sex of the respondents.

Efforts should be made to increase public awareness of the risks of using drugs during pregnancy. The increased level of knowledge will affect not only the health behavior of patients, but may also improve the early diagnosis of FAS.


FAS, alcohol, pregnancy

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